THE ROLE OF LOGIC IN RATIONAL THINKING
Understanding the principles of logic enables you to evaluate arguments and to better distinguish between good and bad reasoning - between truth and falsehood. By developing a grasp of formal and informal logic, you will improve your ability to evaluate the claims others propose, thereby making better decisions, and forming more sound judgments. The ability to discern a valid argument from a false one is an important skill and a key aspect of critical thinking.
- The origins and importance of logical Thinking
- The power and beauty of Socrates' categorical syllogism
- Arguments: What they are and how to recognize them
- What Michael Palin can teach us about the argument
- The Journey from Premises to Conclusions • Identifying the components of a good argument
- Evaluating logical arguments based on criteria such as validity, strength and cogency
- The Importance of Logical Thinking in the Workplace
- Recognizing and producing arguments in standard form
- Using deductive and non-deductive arguments
- How the syllogism has changed the world
- Understanding the difference between the categorical syllogism, the disjunctive syllogism and the hypothetical syllogism
- Why you need to recognize the most common errors in formal logic - affirming the consequence, and denying the antecedent
- Recognizing the difference between Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens
- Bertrand Russell and the 'excluded middle'